We all have heard about sleep apnea, but not many people know all about it. Well, sleep apnea disorder is basically a medical condition affecting the quality of your sleep. During an apnea, the person’s breathing is interrupted at regular intervals during sleep. This implies that the apnea’s patient may stop breathing repeatedly during sleep. Moreover, this also implies that the brain and other parts of the body do not get enough amount of oxygen, which may cause many other health issues.
Types Of Sleep Apnea Disorder
Sleep researchers have defined three main types of apnea. These are named as Obstructive sleep apnea and Central sleep apnea. Let us read in detail about these.
This is a common form of sleep apnea found in many patients worldwide. This form of apnea occurs basically when the soft tissue found in the throat collapses when you are sleeping.
During this form of apnea, the brain is not able to send a signal to the muscles guiding them to breathe properly. An irregularity in the respiratory control center causes this medical condition.
It is also known by the name of treatment-emergent sleep apnea disorder. When a patient suffers from both central and obstructive disorder, he or comes under this bracket.
What Are The Risk Factors Associated With It?
Unfortunately, this is a condition which can affect patients at any age. Thus, you can even find patients ranging between the age of 10 years and 90 years. So, what the risk factors which increase your chances of developing this disorder? These are:
- Being obese;
- Possessing large tonsils;
- having a family history of sleep disorder;
- being over the age of 40;
- possessing usual than larger neck size;
- nasal obstructions.
Here are the common types of signs and symptoms associated with sleep apnea disorder.
- time periods when you may stop breathing while sleeping;
- loud bouts of snoring;
- headache in the morning;
- getting awake with a dry mouth;
- gasping for some air while you are sleeping
- the difficulty is getting some sleep;
- feeling too sleepy during daytime;
- irritation after being awake.
Effects Of Sleep Apnea Disorder
Though this particular disorder may usually not pose any kind of health hazard, if left untreated, it may become a huge concern. Here are the health conditions which may be caused due to this particular disorder:
- Increased chances of strokes;
- Heart failure;
- high blood pressure;
- worsening of ADHD;
Diagnosis Of Sleep Apnea
If and when you develop symptoms for sleep apnea, you may have to undergo a test known as a polysomnogram. It is basically a medical test that records the physical activities you indulge in while sleeping. Moreover, a sleep specialist then analyzes these recordings to determine the extent of sleep apnea.
Some Other Tests For Sleep Apnea Disorder
In addition, to the above-mentioned test, there are some more medical tests prescribed for the said condition. These include:
- Electroencephalogram or EEG;
- Electro-oculogram or EOG;
- Nasal Airflow Sensor;
- Electromyogram or EMG;
- Snore Microphone.